The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.
The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.
It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.
Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.
If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.
Facts For Your VisitFee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.
Open Now: Yes! Some attractions may restrict entry prior to their closing time.Hours This Week:
- Monday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Thursday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Friday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Saturday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Sunday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy
Phone: 06 6830 0230
Official Website: Pantheon
|Metro / RER Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|M10||Cluny - La Sorbonne||8 minutes|
|RER B||Luxembourg||6 minutes|
How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER
By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.
By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.
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Ratedout of 5
One of the most amazing buildings I've ever been in. I was here on a sunny day and it was cool in here. There was a shaft of sunlight coming down through the ancient dome that made the most spectacular light inside. Read up on the history of the dome or listen to a guide - unbelievable.
Chris Hevey - 4 days ago
Absolutely amazing place to see. You can see it as many times as you want on TV or in Movies, but until you take it all in in person you can't comprehend it. The architectural details are amazing to see, especially considering the age of this structure. It is hard to believe that it is free to step into this amazing piece of history. All I can say is to turn off your damn phone, don't take pictures, and just take some time and breathe. Take it all in as this is also a place of worship. Once you've don't that, then take some pictures, but it won't be able to capture this amazing place. A must visit for sure.
Nathan Delaney - 23 days ago
Worth a visit. Don't let the long lines deter you. The entry is free. And the lines move fast. Lots of good eateries around. Choose any and enjoy the atmosphere around. You'll have music performances, mimes, acrobats. Nice place to see the ancient world and the current world merge.
Hafsa Hamid - 25 days ago
You'll totally stunned when you see this historical architecture. She's beautiful, with ancient bricks and stone cylinders. Although there is always crowds of tourists, the ambiance is peaceful inside the catholic church. As the admission is FREE, I suggest you to spend at least 2 hours strolling around. Rent an audio guide is recommended as well. Enjoy this amazing place with your eyes :)
Juliana K - 1 month ago
It was absolutely great. Beautiful artwork and the ceiling is just fantastic. I hadn't even heard of it until I went to Rome. Had a great time, got there just at the right time to avoid queues. The area is surrounded by lovely restaurants too so you can chill and eat as the sun sets behind the Pantheon. FANTASTIC!!
Katherine Thomas - 1 month ago