The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.
The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.
It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.
Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.
If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.
Facts For Your VisitFee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.
Currently ClosedHours This Week:
- Monday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Tuesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Thursday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Friday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Saturday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Sunday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
Address: Place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris, France
Phone: 01 44 32 18 00
Official Website: Pantheon
|Metro / RER Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|M10||Cluny - La Sorbonne||8 minutes|
|RER B||Luxembourg||6 minutes|
How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER
By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.
By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.
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Ratedout of 5
Beautiful memorial place for the great French people. It wasn't crowded when we visited (Tuesday noon). The audio guide is good and I suggest to take it because the written information is very limited.
Dániel Elszászer - 10 hours ago
This place was excellent. We got in right as it opened so there was no line but they were prepared for one so FYI. Get the 3 euro extra ticket and do the outside view tour, great views and not too expensive. We had lunch nearby as there are several great places. Also, catacombs benieth have some famous people which is pretty awesome.
Jesse Snipper - 4 days ago
The Pantheon is positioned in a decent neighborhood where also the atmosphere is chic. You can walk to the Luxembourg gardens in a couple minutes. I havent been inside as they ask 9 euro for the ticket but the outside structure looks amazing. There are less tourists than at the Notre Dame or Louvre museum what makes it easier to make picture. The Pantheon is a nice add-on when visiting Paris but not the main reason to visit.
Roman Dzialiner - 8 days ago
Splendid monument in Latin Quarter, built as a place of warship. Pantheon in Greek means ‘temple of all Gods. Grandiose very impressive dome with skylight. Underneath are crypts of eminent people France enlisted as its best. Majestic artwork, scuputes reminders of remarkable French history and legacy. Voltaire, Emil Zola, Alexander Dumas, Victor Hugo, Rousseau, Marie Curie, 2 Italian Kings Emanuele ll and Umberto l are some of elite buried there. Grandiose landmark is timeless memorial to the best in French history.
B. Gold - 13 days ago
Not having heard of the place before and knowing nothing of its history this impressed me in its conception and development all of which is easy to grasp visually. Firstly it was built as a religious monument to the patron saint of Paris, but built in a classical/Roman style so it looks like a Roman temple from the outside. What is equally apparent is the changes made afterwards following the French Revolution, with the religious imagery on the walls contrasting with the revolutionary statues beside them. Underneath is the crypt where assorted famous French people are buried - such as Voltaire, who was denied burial in church grounds when he died.
Philip Carter - 1 month ago