Pantheon

The facade of the Pantheon, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the neoclassicism

Impressive portico of the Pantheon
Impressive portico of the Pantheon cc licensed ( BY ND ) flickr photo by arch_ibd

The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.

The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.

It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.

Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.

If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.

Nearby attractions: Musee de Cluny and Jardin de Luxembourg

Facts For Your Visit

Fee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.

Currently Closed

Hours This Week:
  • Monday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Tuesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Thursday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Friday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Saturday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Sunday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM

Address: Place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris, France

Phone: 01 44 32 18 00

Official Website: Pantheon

Directions

Metro / RER Line Nearest Station Walking Time
M10Cluny - La Sorbonne8 minutes
M4Odeon13 minutes
RER BLuxembourg6 minutes

How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER

By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.

By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.

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Reviews

Rated 4.5 out of 5Panthéon Star Rating

5 Star Rating Incredible building. You have time your visit though because the hours are strange. Be sure you have enough time to wander around and see all the tombs of the famous people. There's a Rick Steve's audio tour of the pantheon that's free to download and is great info so you know what you're looking at. The dome is magnificent! It gets very crowded in there but the lines to enter moves quickly

Sentimental N - 21 days ago

5 Star Rating With its romanesque style of architecture, this monument really stands out. The view inside is as magnificent as its outside. Understood that it is now a place where the past famous people of France are buried. You can feel Its quietness and tranquility and peace once you step inside which is befitting its purpose. A good respite from all the walking and to reflect and contemplate while marvelling at its interior. Its another must visit on the Paris trail. Again, i give a 👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻.

ken ngai-foong - 25 days ago

5 Star Rating Great educational opportunity around the Roman founding of the city in the form of a documentary film. This isn't a architectural tour on the inside. Rather its converted to a movie theatre. If you're a history buff, the high production value documentary is excellent.

Clay Leonard - 1 month ago

5 Star Rating A mesmerizing monument where dimensions and physics fuse to form a perfect harmony. Usually, the Foucault's pendulum is fixated to the dome and shows the deviation created by the rotation of the Earth. The Pantheon is also a highly-spirited place because of its crypt which is the home for eternal rest of grandiose men and women of the French Republic. Be they scientists, politicians, military officers or philosophers they all share the greatness of this monument.

Alice Valet - 1 month ago

4 Star Rating Impressive in symbolics and size. It is not possible to get closer to the most important graves (sarcophagus), but only to observe from the small doors of the room where they are located. Of course, it is a very important place and you should definitely visit it.

Nikola Spasojević - 2 months ago

Video


Video highlights of the Pantheon in Paris

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