The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.
The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.
It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.
Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.
If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.
Facts For Your VisitFee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.
Open Now: NoHours This Week:
- Monday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Thursday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Friday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Saturday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
- Sunday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy
Phone: 06 6830 0230
Official Website: Pantheon
|Metro / RER Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|M10||Cluny - La Sorbonne||8 minutes|
|RER B||Luxembourg||6 minutes|
How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER
By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.
By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.
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Ratedout of 5
An ABSOLUTE MUST VISIT. Beautiful architecture (but one could say that for the whole of Rome). Very historic. And please, try not to take selfies and keep the silence. It's a holy place.
Earric Lee - 7 days ago
Amazing feeling when standing in front of this old temple which is very well preserved. The feeling when inside the temple is also very impressive as it is a very big round structure all around. The square is very lively with lots of restaurants around. This is a must-visit place if you are going to visit Rome.
Subrata Das - 9 days ago
There's a lot to see in Rome so don't forget this! 2000 years old and doesn't look bad for it's age. Go round the back a look at the few pieces of ornate marble which is still attached and imagine the whole building covered in this. Then curse the fact that a lot of things were stripped from here to build the Vatican. Then if you see a scuffy guy in glasses playing some decent guitar riffs, bung him a couple of Euro as he is a friend of the wife.
Mark Carter - 13 days ago
The visit is for free. It seems that an audio tour app is available, you can download it to your phone before entering. The dome is magnificent. It is better to know some history otherwise just a big awesome dome. Great street performance at the square up front.
William Entriken - 1 month ago
Amazing piece of history. Looks great during the day, but be sure to visit in the evening when it is lit-up. Tour the inside if you have a chance, it is beautiful inside and out. Street vendors are out in the evening, as are gypsies, so be careful (and negotiate on price if you want to buy something).
Matthew M - 1 month ago