Pantheon

The facade of the Pantheon, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the neoclassicism

Impressive portico of the Pantheon
Impressive portico of the Pantheon cc licensed ( BY ND ) flickr photo by arch_ibd

The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.

The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.

It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.

Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.

If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.

Nearby attractions: Musee de Cluny and Jardin de Luxembourg

Facts For Your Visit

Fee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.

Open Now: No

Hours This Week:
  • Monday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Thursday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Friday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Saturday: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Sunday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM

Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

Phone: 06 6830 0230

Official Website: Pantheon

Directions

Metro / RER Line Nearest Station Walking Time
M10Cluny - La Sorbonne8 minutes
M4Odeon13 minutes
RER BLuxembourg6 minutes

How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER

By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.

By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.

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Reviews

Rated 4.7 out of 5

5 Star Rating You'll totally stunned when you see this historical architecture. She's beautiful, with ancient bricks and stone cylinders. Although there is always crowds of tourists, the ambiance is peaceful inside the catholic church. As the admission is FREE, I suggest you to spend at least 2 hours strolling around. Rent a audio guides is recommended as well. Enjoy this amazing place with your eyes :)

Juliana K - 23 hours ago

4 Star Rating An architectural Marvel for its time. It's amazing the scale of the place and it's ambiance! A must visit. Thankfully it's free to enter not like other popular attractions in Rome. Please give a donation. It would be great if the had better text and picture interpretation on the buildings history with some lighting. Had trouble reading so I took a picture of the panels as many are around a small panel, made it easier to read without guilt and rush. Apart from that. It's a beautiful structure

Zarris Kem - 14 days ago

5 Star Rating One of the most beautiful and well-preserved buildings in Rome. 80% of the floor is original making it over 1700 years old! The oculous is the only source of sunlight in the building and the floor is slanted to allow for proper drainage when it rains. This building is really incredible! Also, it's FREE ADMISSION

Ashlin - 1 month ago

5 Star Rating It is one of the free stuff which blows your mind away. From an engineering point of view, it is just perfect. I loved it. It used to be a temple shared by around 7 gods. It has changed over the years to a church. The place still breathes. Fun Fact: There is a hole in the dome on the top. Often, people mention that the design is such that when it rains, water never comes. It is actually a little twisted. Water definitely falls, but there are small holes in the central floor which channels the water away. Brilliant!

hitesh sahoo - 1 month ago

5 Star Rating From the outside it looks like a typical old Roman building. Walk inside easily, fast moving lines, very little waiting. When you enter the building it is breath taking! Old and well maintained. A beauty beyond all else in Rome! The acoustics are great.

Portly Travellers - 1 month ago

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Video highlights of the Pantheon in Paris

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