Pantheon

The facade of the Pantheon, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the neoclassicism

Impressive portico of the Pantheon
Impressive portico of the Pantheon cc licensed ( BY ND ) flickr photo by arch_ibd

The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.

The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.

It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.

Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.

If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.

Nearby attractions: Musee de Cluny and Jardin de Luxembourg

Facts For Your Visit

Fee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.

Currently Closed

Hours This Week:
  • Monday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Tuesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Thursday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Friday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Saturday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Sunday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM

Address: Place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris, France

Phone: 01 44 32 18 00

Official Website: Pantheon

Directions

Metro / RER Line Nearest Station Walking Time
M10Cluny - La Sorbonne8 minutes
M4Odeon13 minutes
RER BLuxembourg6 minutes

How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER

By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.

By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.

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Reviews

Rated 4.5 out of 5Panthéon Star Rating

5 Star Rating This is one of the many beautiful architectural structures of this very old city. It made me wonder how they were able to build these wonderful buildings that long ago. I won't be able forget my time here.

Paul McCloud - 1 day ago

5 Star Rating The catacombs are well worth the visit alone and are a surprise addition to an already impressive monument. Go early, or out of season to avoid the crowds. The visual aides and interactive displays are excellent; giving you a real sense of place and time, particularly French religious power play and it's Rubulican past.

Richard Watkins - 2 days ago

5 Star Rating The final burial sites for heroes/heroines, public servants and public figures who have made significant contribution to France and the French society. Amazing architecture! No word to describe the dome. The subterranean crypt (the actual burial site) underneath was out of this world (no pun intended). Many famous people (including scientists) are buried there: Pierre and Marie Curie, Louis Braille (of the Braille code), Carnot brothers (of the Carnot cycle). A hidden gem of Paris. Totally worth visiting.

Ronald Halim - 1 month ago

5 Star Rating Monumental. Reclaimed as a celebration of the Republic, this original building was supposed to be a royal church. It has kept its grandiose and the massiveness of the structure is an hommage to architectural ingenuity and the human desire to transcend time. The crypt is now the repository of the last rest of the great men and women of the Republic. A must see and visit on your touristic exploration of the capital. Guided visits are well organized and rich in explanations which allow you to gain a better understanding of the monument.

Pascal Pillot - 1 month ago

4 Star Rating A very impressive building modelled partly after the Pantheon in Rome celebrating the great French Heroes such as Victor Hugo, Marie Currie, Voltaire, etc.. The crypt is a bit of let down. I was expecting more glorified tombs instead I found pretty plain ones. Not really befitting such great people interred there. The interior and dome are very impressive. Admission should be a bit less.

Rich Warych - 2 months ago

Video


Video highlights of the Pantheon in Paris

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