The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.
The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.
It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.
Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.
If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.
Facts For Your VisitFee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.
Currently ClosedHours This Week:
- Monday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Tuesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Thursday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Friday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Saturday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
- Sunday: 10:00 AM – 6:30 PM
Address: Place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris, France
Phone: 01 44 32 18 00
Official Website: Pantheon
|Metro / RER Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|M10||Cluny - La Sorbonne||8 minutes|
|RER B||Luxembourg||6 minutes|
How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER
By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.
By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.
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Ratedout of 5
I'm giving this a 5 star rating just because enjoyed the atmosphere so much. This was just a picture of Paris being just as you've always imagined it! It was even more lovely at night!
keri blackman - 3 days ago
Jaw dropping architectural detail from the moment the building peeps around the corner through the second you walk-in. Must visit when in the area. There are crypts below the main level. Cool neighborhood cafes nearby before or after.
Matt Heck - 5 days ago
One of my favorite buildings of the trip. Beautiful architecture and rich in history! Sidenote: the catacombs are especially stunning. Some of my favorite authors, philosophers, and geniuses are buried there. This is a must see when visiting the city of Paris.
Jared Kroese - 8 days ago
One of my favorite attractions in Paris. The architecture is amazing and the paintings are beautiful. I found the crypt cool- many famous people are buried there. I would absolutely recommend adding the dome to your ticket. It's a bit of a climb with stairs but one of the best views of the city! 360 degrees with the Eiffel tower and signs helping you locate other monuments. Excellent visit.
Kinsey Church - 2 months ago
The first floor is spectacular. Many paintings and statues worth photographing. However the lower floors where the tombs are housed are not very exciting to see. If anything, on a hot day they provided a cool place to hang out. I was lucky that it was free the day I went because it was 14 Juillet. There was even a love orchestra playing music for patrons. The Pantheon is located in one of the oldest parts of Paris. Nearby la Sorbonne, university campus.
Golnesa Amani - 2 months ago