Pantheon

The facade of the Pantheon, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the neoclassicism

Impressive portico of the Pantheon
Impressive portico of the Pantheon cc licensed ( BY ND ) flickr photo by arch_ibd

The Pantheon, located in the Latin quarter of Paris, was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and housed her relics. The construction of the Pantheon was commissioned by Louis XV when he recovered from his illness in 1744. It has since been re-appropriated as a mausoleum which contains the remains of a number of distinguished French citizens.

The facade of the Pantheon is modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. It is a great example of the neoclassicism that was popular at the time of its construction. The general layout is that of a massive Greek cross 110 meters long and 85 meters wide. The Pantheon boasts a triple dome where each dome is laid within the shell of the previous dome. The weight of this triple dome has been transferred by concealed buttresses to the portico columns. The dome reaches a height of 83 meters.

It was beneath the triple dome of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault demonstrated the rotation of the earth by hanging a 67 meter Foucault pendulum beneath the central dome. The original pendulum is in the Musee des Arts et Petiers and a copy hangs in the Pantheon. The Pantheon also housed the famous sculpture, The Thinker, from 1906 to 1922.

Since the Pantheon was converted into a mausoleum many great French citizens have been interred there. The inscription above the entrance to the crypt reads "To the great men, the grateful homeland". Some of those interred there are Napoleon, Turenne, Vauban, Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaures and Soufflot, its architect. Some would argue that being able to pay your respects to these famous French citizens is reason enough to pay a visit to the Pantheon on its own.

If you have not added the Pantheon to your list of things to see in Paris, it would be a great idea to do so. Many who have seen it give it 5 star reviews. The Pantheon is accessible for those who are disabled and it's worth noting that the disabled and their helpers are admitted for free.

Nearby attractions: Musee de Cluny and Jardin de Luxembourg

Facts For Your Visit

Fee: Yes - Free entry with the Paris Pass.

Open Now: Yes! Some attractions may restrict entry prior to their closing time.

Hours This Week:
  • Monday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Tuesday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Wednesday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Thursday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Friday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Saturday: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Sunday: 8:30 AM – 7:30 AM

Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Phone: 06 6830 0230

Official Website: Pantheon

Directions

Metro / RER Line Nearest Station Walking Time
M10Cluny - La Sorbonne8 minutes
M4Odeon13 minutes
RER BLuxembourg6 minutes

How to get to Pantheon by Metro / RER

By Metro: From Metro Line 10 exit at Cluny - La Sorbonne Station and walk east to Boulevard Saint-Germain then go right (south) on Rue Saint-Jacques to Rue Soufflot and go left. The Pantheon is straight ahead (8 minutes). From Metro Line 4 exit at Odeon Station via the Rue de l'École du Medecine exit; double back and walk southeast along Rue de l'École du Medécine continuing on Rue de Écoles to Rue Saint-Jacques and go right (south) to Rue Soufflot; then go left.

By RER: Take the RER B to Luxembourg Station and exit north onto Boulevard Saint-Michel. Walk north up Boulevard Saint-Michel to Rue Soufflot and go right.

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Reviews

Rated 4.7 out of 5

5 Star Rating Very impressive historic building. Immense presence in middle of Rome. Queues to enter long but moved quickly. Visitors need to be covered to enter, well worth a visit. Huge hole in roof open to the elements, if visited s midday when sun I'd shining you will see beam of light

Karen Eckworth - 4 days ago

5 Star Rating Too good to miss it. Free entrance but there’s a queue. Sometimes a very long queue but we were lucky, so I guess sometimes it’s quite fast. Don’t miss it cose the Pantheon is a two thousand year old marvel of ancient times. Of course it will be packed so expect a lot of people there at all times.

CDJ GL - 5 days ago

5 Star Rating The colonnaded entryway is very impressive. The interior is breathtaking: it is an immense open space, as tall as it is wide. The building interior is beautiful. This is one of my favorite places in Rome and I strongly recommend you see it. Go early to avoid the line!

R B - 9 days ago

5 Star Rating If you need to find something as incredible as the Colosseum, then look no further. Remarkably one of the most awe-inspiring places for architecture fanatics, it's also just a sight to behold. I would highly recommend going mid-day, where the Sun is beaming down through the center of the building, that way, it'll illuminate the entire place more. The later you go, the less lighting you'll have to take high quality pictures.

Michael Chen - 15 days ago

5 Star Rating It's free so many people seem to think it's a quick in and out but linger; listen or read a guide. This the most well preserved ancient Roman building you'll ever see unless you rent a time machine. Mentally replace the Christian statues with Roman gods and your there. Also, visit Raphael's resting place. Soak up the atmosphere. Well worth it.

Phillip Hodgson - 1 month ago

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Video highlights of the Pantheon in Paris

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