In stark contrast to the Old Cathedral, also known as the Old Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro, stands the Metropolitan Cathedral at 75 metres in height. The shape and architecture of this Cathedral has nothing in common with the Old Cathedral which was created by the Carmelites in the 19th century. Unique in all ways the Metropolitan although new is steeped in symbolism and interesting aspects
The Metropolitan Cathedral, Catedral Metroplitana de São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro in Portuguese, was built between the years 1964 and 1979. It was built in honour of the patron Saint of Rio, Saint Sebastian. The structure, although resembling and inspired by the Mayan pyramids in Mexico, is conical in its structure but does not reach a peak but is flat instead, like the tops of the Mayan pyramids. It is said that this shape is symbolic, representing the closeness of people to God.
Probably the most noticeable feature of the cathedral are the four stained glass windows that run like vertical columns from the ceiling stretching down to the floor. Only evident from the inside of the Cathedral you will note that there is a cross at the top of the ceiling that is made up of glass and covers the ceiling. Each arm of the cross has the vertical stain glass windows running down to the ground. So from the inside, when you look up what you will see is a cross with beams of light coming out from it and reaching down to you. It feels like you are being caressed by the rays of God, incubating you in a womb of multi-colours. I have no doubt that this is exactly the effect the architect, Edgar Oliveira, had in mind when designing this space.
Each panel of stained glass that comes down from above is rich with different colours and each panel represents something different. Each panel represents one of the four 'marks' of the Church; Holy, Once, Catholic and Apostolic. The way the light shines through the panels of stained glass creates a kaleidoscope of colours inside the cathedral.
The Metropolitan Cathedral has a seating capacity of 20,000 seated and 5,000 standing. Apart from visiting the Cathedral to join a mass or to see the architecture, visitors will also marvel at the pieces of art on display at the Sacred Art Museum in its basement. Be sure to put this historic monument on your list of wonders to visit when you are in Rio.
Facts For Your VisitFee: No
Open Now: NoHours This Week:
- Monday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Tuesday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Wednesday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Thursday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Friday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Saturday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
- Sunday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM
Address: Plaza de la Constitución S/N, Centro, Cuauhtémoc, 06000 Ciudad de México, CDMX, Mexico
Phone: 01 55 5510 0440
Official Website: Metropolitan Cathedral
|Metro Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|Line 1 Orange or Line 2 Green||Carioca||8 Minutes|
How to get to Metropolitan Cathedral by Metro
Exit the metro at Carioca Station to the south onto Av. Almirante Barroso and go right (east) along the sidewalk. Keep to the right hand sidewalk that goes up to the pedestrian overpass. Take the overpass across the road and go to your right on the far side continuing along the mosiac sidewalk toward the cathedral. Take the steps on your right just before the parking lot.
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Ratedout of 5
Beautiful! A house of God. An artistic compound of sacrum art that still offers religious services. Few landmarks are as detailed as this baroque building preserved by people's faith and the Grace of God. A chapel showing one of the few churrigueresque facades is a perfect company for this cathedral despite the fact that it is not allways open. Great!
Syd R - 5 days ago
This is a massive cathedral- so big it's measured on the floor of St. Peter's in Rome. The sacristy has beautiful paintings, unique to the cathedral. It is in general very Spanish baroque. The side chapel of the Immaculate Conception hold the tomb former Archbishop Luis Martínez who was found to be incorrupt. There is also a fun tour up on the roof to the bell towers which is guided- I recommend it!
Daniel Rolczynski - 1 month ago
Massive and huge cathedral ! Worth going to while in Mexico City and here is a big large square right outside ciudad de Mexico cathedral metrópolitan ! There is a lot of history in here , and a lot of stuff I never knew about it ! Nice and historical Spaniard style cathedral !
Charles Khoury - 1 month ago
Massive and glorious. The Cathedral is comprised of the main building and adjoining smaller church for the tabernacle itself. Its hard to describe it all as its a mix match of various forms of architecture and decor, but one word that comes to mind is grand. The main alter is just this giant masterpiece of gold colored wood carvings surrounding the altar itself. The most interested and surprising thing for me was the giant hanging pendulum that shows markings on the floor of how the building is slowing shifting. Pretty cool. This is a can't be missed sight during a trip to D.F.
Stephen Michael Fox Jr - 3 months ago
Beautiful cathedral. Don't miss the tour to the roof for 20 pesos. It happens several times per day and you buy a ticket at a desk just inside the door under the right bell tower. We went at 11:30 and got to watch an awesome bell ringing demonstration at noon.
Clayton Kimball - 4 months ago