What started off as a palatial home and then turned into a hotel and then a presidential home is now the Museum of the Republic (Museu da República), housing a wealth of information and artifacts pertaining to the history of Brazil.
The museum stands on a street called Rua do Catete and is a beautiful neoclassical structure complete with a small but beautifully kept public garden. This structure has changed hands a number of times over the centuries but has not lost any of the historical artefacts housed in it and these are what you will find displayed when you visit the museum.
Construction of the building started in the year 1858 as a residence for the family of Antonio Clemente Pinto. Portuguese born Antonio Clemente Pinto was a Baron of Nova Friburgo and made his riches as a coffee grower. He hired the services of German architect Carl Friedrich Gustav Waehneldt to design the palace in the neoclassical style. The construction was officially finished in 1867 but further changes were made in renovations in 1883. This urban mansion was called, Catete Palace.
When the couple died their son sold the property in 1889 to a group of investors who had intentions to turn it into a hotel. Soon after they bought the palace they went bankrupt as the economy at that time was not doing very well.
After its short stint as a hotel it became Brazil's presidential palace, housing many heads of state. The story of the last president who took up residence in the Presidential palace ended in tragedy. In a bid to avoid a military coup d'etat President Getulio Vargas committed suicide. The President killed himself by shooting himself in the heart. He was found in his bedroom which was situated on the third floor of the Palace. Should you make the trip to the Palace you will find that the room in which the President committed suicide left in the same state it was on that day. His pyjamas were replaced and the clock was stopped at the moment he took his life. It may seem eerie to some, but for those who loved this President and who appreciate his efforts in leading Brazil, it is a place of homage.
Going to the Museum of the Republic (Museu da República) is definitely worth the visit especially for those interested in the political history of Brazil.
Facts For Your VisitFee: Yes - Half price on Wednesdays and Sundays
Currently ClosedHours This Week:
- Monday: Closed
- Tuesday: 10:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Thursday: 10:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Friday: 10:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Saturday: 11:00 AM – 6:00 PM
- Sunday: 11:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Address: R. do Catete, 153 - Catete, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, 22220-000, Brazil
Phone: (21) 2127-0324
Official Website: Catete Palace - Museum of the Republic
|Metro Line||Nearest Station||Walking Time|
|Line 1 - Orange or Line 2 - Green||Catete|
How to get to Catete Palace - Museum of the Republic by Metro
Museum of the Republic is located directly across the road to the east from Catete Station
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Ratedout of 5
Former residence of presidents of Brazil. A good explanation of history. Great exhibits and the garden is clean and safe.
mark weeks - 1 month ago
It's a gorgeus museum; lots of history and a very intimate look at a tragic occurrence in Brazilian history.
Kaiser Rangel - 1 month ago
Former residence of the president of the republic is a truly amazing building. Walking through each room was like walking through the various epochs. But the strongest feelings are present in one minimally decorated room on the second floor, the room where president Vargas shot himself.
Dragana Caldas - 2 months ago
Lovely place to run away from the stress of the city. Quiet hideout for a little peace of mind. Great coffee, clean and well maintained park. If you have kids they get you cover too.
Ernesto Barreto - 4 months ago
Nice museum. Rooms well preserved. You can see, where evil President Vargas has shot himself. Unfortunately the garden surrounding the palace has been neglected badly.
Peter Corr - 9 months ago